Question: What Size Gravel Is Best For French Drain?

Can you install a French drain without gravel?

Related To: The old way of installing French drains is to do it without the gravel and the fabric.

Without the gravel and the fabric, however, the drain can clog up with sand and soil over time..

Does a French drain need Gravel?

Most descriptions of a french drain involve a slotted or perforated pipe, a trench, geotextile fabric and gravel backfill. To operate properly, the drain must have adequate slope and a place to open onto the ground, into a drain pipe or somewhere else where water can exit.

Does French drain Need outlet?

A properly designed French drain system does not require an outlet. The water will simply soak into the soil as it flows along the perforated pipe. In fact, a French drain doesn’t require an inlet on just one end either. You can construct the drain to accept water along its length, and disperse it underground.

Is Gravel good for drainage?

Gravel is an ideal drainage solution for two primary reasons — weight and an impenetrable surface. The weight and coverage area provided by the material prevents erosion, and its solid, moisture-resistant design allows water to drain faster. As such, it prevents precipitation from pooling on the surface.

What is the best gravel for French drain?

The stone should be no less than ¾” and dense (we suggest Granite, or River Gravel) so it will allow good water flow. Lime Rock, although inexpensive, is a poor choice for a French Drain because it will begin to deteriorate over time and eventually begin to pack down and restrict flow.

What size rock is best for French drain?

For the best drainage, look for coarse washed rock (gravel) that is screened, with a stone size of 1/2 to 3/4 inch. Smaller rock with fine particles could clog the holes of the drain pipe. Pea stone works, but the smooth stones settle together and don’t move as much water as coarse rock.

Do holes go up or down in a French drain?

When you lay your PVC pipe, the rows of holes should always be facing the downward position. You want to keep the water level in your French drain as low as possible at all times, and you can’t achieve this if the holes are facing upwards or sideways.

Can you do a French drain without pipe?

Installing a French Drain Without a Pipe You don’t always need a base, though. If your soil drains well, you can simply dig the trench and cover the bottom with 3 to 4 inches of 3/4-inch drainage rock, depending on the depth of the trench.

What drains better sand or gravel?

Sand compacts and retains moisture, therefore it does not drain as well as gravel. Although sand is not the best choice for back-filling a French drain, it does work well for some other types of drainage systems.

Does water drain through gravel?

Water moves through gravel a lot faster than it does through the majority of soil and other materials. Since the drainage process is expedited when gravel is used at the base of the water body, puddles and wet areas are able to dry out quickly instead of pooling up on top of soil and other land materials.

How much gravel do I need for a French drain?

French Drain Recommendations As a good practice, you can also have at least 2” of gravel around the pipe and the geotextile fabric used must be installed so the pipe is completely covered with it. The pipe installed in the trench must also be installed with the holes on the bottom.

Can I use pea gravel for drainage?

Since it has a smooth finish, pea gravel is also regularly used for walkways, dog runs, playgrounds, patios, and a variety of other high-traffic areas. Like crushed stone, pea gravel can also be used for underground projects, such as drainage and pipe bedding.